Arrange a warm little home to create a fresh and comfortable environment. Very common home decoration has entered millions of households. Individually designed, style and owner interest, especially highlighting the high-quality, high-quality life, enjoying some beautiful at the same time The pollution caused by the new home decoration has not attracted the attention of the general public. Obviously, they do not understand the pollution caused by the interior decoration and the seriousness of the problems.
There is a widely used ad saying “home is a place to rest assured.” About one-third of the time is spent at home every day. Of course, you can’t stand the source of pollution. What are the reasons for pollution in the new home decoration?
In summary: decoration materials can be said to be the culprit of interior decoration pollution.
At present, the decorative materials all contain a large number of chemical components, and the main sources are various chemical building materials such as artificial wood boards, coatings, adhesives, and treatment agents.
The building’s own materials: Chemical substances are added to the building construction. For example, if the northern weather is dry and severe, antifreeze will be added during winter construction. This antifreeze is mainly an admixture based on urea and ammonia water. Certain anti-freeze protection, but this material will exudate the toxic gas ammonia, which is a colorless gas, but has a strong pungent smell. Prolonged inhalation can stimulate and corrode the upper respiratory tract of the human body. There are also additives and whiteners commonly used in construction, which are made of wooden boards containing urea component adhesives, ammonia water as additives and whiteners. The other kind is plutonium formed by the radioactive material in the underground soil and the stone, floor tiles and tiles in the building. This is a colorless and odorless natural radioactive gas, which is extremely harmful to the human body.
Man-made board material: Man-made decorative boards that do not meet environmental protection standards and contain excessive formaldehyde, such as large core boards, plywood, fiberboard, particle board, and composite flooring and furniture made of these boards
Stone tile materials: Stone materials such as granite, marble, gypsum, ceramic tiles, etc. contain a harmful substance called radon.
Paints, coatings, and adhesives: paints, coatings, waterproofing materials used in decoration, and additives and thinners for various paints and coatings contain harmful substances such as benzene, formaldehyde, toluene, ethanol, and chloroform. Harmful substances are all highly carcinogenic.
Knowing that the decoration materials contain so many harmful substances, the following analyzes the hazards:
Due to the different gases emitted by different decoration materials, there will be different degrees and different manifestations of hazards.
Formaldehyde (HCHO) is a colorless and soluble irritating gas. Long-term exposure to low-dose formaldehyde can cause chronic respiratory diseases, women’s menstrual disorders, pregnancy syndrome, lower newborn constitution, chromosomal abnormalities, and even nasopharyngeal cancer. High concentrations of formaldehyde are toxic to the nervous system, immune system, and liver. Formaldehyde also has teratogenic and carcinogenic effects. According to epidemiological investigations, people with long-term exposure to formaldehyde can cause cancer in the nasal cavity, mouth, nasopharynx, throat, skin and digestive tract.
Note: Plywood, blockboard, particleboard, paint, coating, foam plastic, wall covering, etc. are the ones that emit the most formaldehyde during decoration.
From interior decoration and decoration materials
Hazards of stupidity, toluene, xylene
Benzene is a colorless liquid with special aroma. Toluene and xylene are homologues with benzene. People who inhale highly soluble toluene and xylene in a short period of time can have a central nervous system anesthetic effect. Have dizziness, headache, nausea, chest tightness, fatigue, blurred consciousness, severe cases can cause coma and cause breathing, circulation failure and death. If long-term exposure to a certain solubility of toluene and xylene can cause chronic poisoning, there can be headaches, insomnia, mental depression, memory loss and other neurasthenia-like syndromes. Benzene compounds have been identified as strong carcinogens by the World Health Organization.
Note: The commonly used materials for stupidity in decoration are mainly paints, coatings, adhesives, and waterproof materials.
After short-term inhalation of a large amount of ammonia, tearing, sore throat, hoarseness, cough, bloodshot sputum, chest tightness, dyspnea may be accompanied by dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, etc. In severe cases, pulmonary edema and adult Respiratory distress syndrome, with symptoms of respiratory irritation.
Note: Materials that release ammonia in the decoration include brighteners and antifreeze.
The source of pollution caused by these decoration materials has been captured. Detection and timely discovery are very important. Currently, the corresponding harmful gases on the market include professional formaldehyde detectors, stupid detectors, ammonia detectors, and other targeted gas detectors. One type is a multi-gas one detector. At present, the most common source of pollution in home improvement is formaldehyde.
A piece of equipment in exchange for a healthy, a heart for a safe, timely discovery and appropriate treatment, to create a healthier green and warm home, the next article will share with you what measures to take after the detection of the response.